Roodt and Rawlinson 1987

Scope and Content

[Source - Chloe Rushovich for FHYA using material provided by eThembeni Cultural Heritage Management, 2018: In 1986 and 1987 Rob Rawlinson excavated at the uMgungundlovu site. In 1986 Rawlinson was employed as at the University of Zululand and secured research funding through the National Monuments Council to conduct his ancillary excavations at the site, under Franz Roodt's excavation permit. His collection of excavated material first housed at the University of Zululand and was returned to Amafa post 2000. Between 1983 and 1994 Frans Roodt excavated at the uMgungundlovu under the auspices of the Natal Provincial Museums Service. These excavations focused on the hut floors from the Bheje areas as well as the isigodlo and the eastern side of uMgungundlovu. This material is housed at Amafa. Rawlinson's material is listed within the Amafa Register, where it is outlined as an integral part of the Roodt collection, even though Rawlinson's excavation was entirely independent of Roodt's work. Rawlinson's excavation work took place around the Umgungundlovu lower entrance area and included hut floors and a refuse dump near to the lower entrance of the site. Note that the FHYA is not sure which material belongs to Roodt's excavations and which belongs to Rawlinson's excavations at this time. The FHYA arranged this material into 1986 and 1987 'subseries' in which 'files' containing digital 'items' which consist of the boxes and their contents.]



Roodt and Rawlinson 1987

[ Source of title : FHYA using AMAFA materials ]

Material Designation


Textual record

Reproduction Conditions

Creative Commons License: CC BY-NC-ND

Event Actor Event Type Event Date Event Description
Five Hundred Year Archive (FHYA) Online curation 2016 -
Amafa / Heritage KwaZulu Natali - provincial heritage conservation agency (AMAFA) Custody 1987 -
Frans Roodt Excavation 1987
Rob Rawlinson Excavation 1987



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