Parkington, Cronin and Poggenpoel 1975

Scope and Content

[Source - Chloe Rushovich for FHYA, 2018, using material provided by eThembeni Cultural Heritage Management and material provided through personal communication with Gavin Whitelaw: In 1974 and 1975 members of the Archaeology Department of the University of Cape Town (UCT), led by John Parkington, Mike Cronin, Cedric Poggenpoel, and Heinz Ruther, a survey specialist, explored the size and layout of the site and excavated. Parkington noted to the FHYA that his primary interest in the site related to the organisation of space. They were further assisted by Jeremy Baskin, John Wright, Chrissie Sievers, Simon Hall, Polly Scott and Frank Silberbauer. In 1975 advice was also provided by Martin Hall and Tim Maggs.The excavations included clay floors in the isigodlo area, part of the isigodlo midden, hut floors from the Bheje, and hut floors associated with the warrior quarters. During these fieldwork periods, permanent datum points were established over an area of the hillside. 184 daga floors were plotted and recorded photogrammetrically, and 36 daga floors were excavated as individual units. One half of the pit in the Bheje area was also excavated. Amafa Pietermaritzburg holds 40 large cardboard boxes of artefacts excavated in 1974 and 1975. This material includes thousands of fragments of diagnostic and adiagnostic pottery sherds; also, some beads; and a small quantity of fragments of adiagnostic teeth and bones. The bulk of the material from these excavations is housed at the KwaZulu-Natal Museum. Most of this material is housed with Martin Hall's material from his 1975 excavation at the KwaZulu-Natal Musuem as a result of a curatorial decision on the part of the museum. eThembeni was tasked with photographing the contents of a randomly chosen single sorting tray for each type of undiagnostic and diagnostic material, and for each field season. The FHYA has not endeavoured to check precisely how eThembeni interpreted this specification. The FHYA arranged this material external to the Hall material into a Parkington, Cronin and Poggenpoel 1974 and 1975 series in which 'files' sit. These files contain digital 'items' which consist of the boxes and their contents.]



Parkington, Cronin and Poggenpoel 1975

[ Source of title : FHYA using KZNM materials ]

Material Designation


Textual record

Reproduction Conditions

Creative Commons License: CC BY-NC-ND

Event Actor Event Type Event Date Event Description
Five Hundred Year Archive (FHYA) Online curation 2016 -
KwaZulu-Natal Museum (KZNM) Custody 1975 -
Amafa / Heritage KwaZulu Natali - provincial heritage conservation agency (AMAFA) Custody 1975 -
John Parkington Excavation 1974 - 1975
Mike Cronin Excavation 1974 - 1975
Cedric Poggenpoel Excavation 1974 - 1975



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