Origins of the 'Mfecane': An Ecological Perspective


Origins of the 'Mfecane': An Ecological Perspective

Scope and Content

[Source - Henry Fagan for EMANDULO, 2021: A paper by James Gump submitted for the Mfecane Aftermath conference held at University of the Witwatersrand in September in 1991. The paper argued that the Mfecane should not be associated with the Zulu kingdom as John Omer-Cooper's 1966 book the Zulu Aftermath had argued. Rather, it Gump attributed the period of wars and migration to an intensification of ecological degradation that led groups into conflict over resources.]



Origins of the 'Mfecane': An Ecological Perspective

[ Source of title : FHYA using James Gump's material ]

Material Designation

Textual record

Reproduction Conditions

Creative Commons License: CC BY-NC-ND

Descriptions and Notes

Permission for use granted by the author

Archival History

[Source - Henry Fagan for EMANDULO, 2021: Written by James Gump ahead of the Mfecane Aftermath conference in September 1991. Copies were printed and distributed for the conference's attendees, including Jan-Bart Gewald. The paper remained in Gewald's possession after the conference. C. 2014, he donated it along with all of the other Mfecane Aftermath conference papers to Leiden University Library. In 2021, Gewald's deposit of Mfecane Aftermath conference papers was uncovered by Ettore Morelli of FHYA. Following a request by FHYA, the papers were digitised by Leiden University Libraries for use in the FHYA's Spotlight on the Mfecane presentation. Uploaded by Benathi Marufu for EMANDULO in September 2021.]

Event Actor Event Type Event Date Event Description
Five Hundred Year Archive (FHYA) Online curation 2021- Digitised by Leiden University Libraries in 2021
Leiden University Libraries Custody c.2014- Gifted to Leiden University Libraries by Jan-Bart Gewald c.2014
James Gump Writing before September 1991
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Origins of the 'Mfecane': An Ecological Perspective


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