Pre-Difaqane Wars in the West


Pre-Difaqane Wars in the West

Scope and Content

[Source - Henry Fagan for EMANDULO, 2021: A paper by Neil Parsons submitted for the Mfecane Aftermath conference held at University of the Witwatersrand in September in 1991. The paper examined the context out of which the Difqane developed within the Khalahari-Limpopo region.]



Pre-Difaqane Wars in the West

[ Source of title : FHYA using Neil Parsons' material ]

Material Designation

Textual record

Reproduction Conditions

Creative Commons License: CC BY-NC-ND

Descriptions and Notes

Permission for use granted by the author

Archival History

[Source - Henry Fagan for EMANDULO, 2021: Written by Neil Parson ahead of the Mfecane Aftermath conference in September 1991. Copies were printed and distributed for the conference's attendees, including Jan-Bart Gewald. The paper remained in Gewald's possession after the conference. C. 2014, he donated it along with all of the other Mfecane Aftermath conference papers to Leiden University Library. In 2021, Gewald's deposit of Mfecane Aftermath conference papers was uncovered by Ettore Morelli of FHYA. Following a request by FHYA, the papers were digitised by Leiden University Libraries for use in the FHYA's Spotlight on the Mfecane presentation. Uploaded by Benathi Marufu for EMANDULO in September 2021.]

Event Actor Event Type Event Date Event Description
Five Hundred Year Archive (FHYA) Online curation 2021- Digitised by Leiden University Libraries in 2021
Leiden University Libraries Custody c.2014- Gifted to Leiden University Libraries by Jan-Bart Gewald c.2014
Neil Parsons Writing before September 1991
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Pre-Difaqane Wars in the West


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