U-Tol' Ixalanga ngo "Nongqause"


U-Tol' Ixalanga ngo "Nongqause"

Scope and Content

[Henry Fagan for EMANDULO, 2021: A digital transcription of an article published in the isiXhosa newspaper Isigidimi SamaXhosa on 1 August 1888, written by Charles Brownlee. The piece responds to the articles written by W.M. Philip on 1 May and 2 July earlier that same year.]



U-Tol' Ixalanga ngo "Nongqause"

[ Source of title : FHYA using material sourced from isiGidimi samaXhosa, 1 August 1888. ]

Material Designation

Textual record

Reproduction Conditions

Creative Commons License: CC BY-NC-ND https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Archival History

[Henry Fagan for EMANDULO, 2021: Written by Charles Brownlee after 2 July 1888 before 1 August, digitally transcribed by Ibali Digital Collections UCT sometime between 2019 and 2021 using physical copies that were acquired by UCT Libraries at an unknown date, acquired by Himal Ramji for FHYA in July 2021, uploaded by Benathi Marufu for EMANDULO in July 2021.]

Event Actor Event Type Event Date Event Description
Five Hundred Year Archive (FHYA) Onlinecuration 2021 - Digitally transcribed by Ibali Digital Collections UCT
Ibali Digital Collections UCT Online custodian after 2019 before 2021
Ibali Digital Collections UCT Digital transcription after 2019 before 2021
UCT Libraries Custodian before 2019
Isigidimi SamaXhosa Publication 1 August 1888
Charles Brownlee Writing after 2 July before 1 August 1888
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U-Tol' Ixalanga ngo "Nongqause"


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